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Tuesday, 21 May 2024 00:00

Various Types of Toenail Fungus

Toenail fungus, medically known as onychomycosis, encompasses several distinct types, each presenting unique characteristics and symptoms. The most common form is distal subungual onychomycosis, which typically begins as a yellow or white spot beneath the tip of the nail and gradually spreads deeper into the nail bed. Proximal subungual onychomycosis affects the base of the nail and is often seen in individuals with compromised immune systems. White superficial onychomycosis manifests as white spots on the surface of the nail, which can gradually expand. Candida onychomycosis is caused by yeast and can affect both fingernails and toenails, often leading to thick, discolored nails. Finally, total dystrophic onychomycosis results in complete nail destruction, characterized by thickening, discoloration, and crumbling of the nail plate. Recognizing the type of toenail fungus is essential for effective treatment. If you have toenail fungus, it is strongly suggested that you are under the care of a podiatrist who can accurately diagnose which type it is, and offer the treatment method that is right for you.

If left untreated, toenail fungus may spread to other toenails, skin, or even fingernails. If you suspect you have toenail fungus it is important to seek treatment right away. For more information about treatment, contact one of our podiatrists of Lovely Foot Associates, PC. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Symptoms

  • Warped or oddly shaped nails
  • Yellowish nails
  • Loose/separated nail
  • Buildup of bits and pieces of nail fragments under the nail
  • Brittle, broken, thickened nail

Treatment

If self-care strategies and over-the-counter medications does not help your fungus, your podiatrist may give you a prescription drug instead. Even if you find relief from your toenail fungus symptoms, you may experience a repeat infection in the future.

Prevention

In order to prevent getting toenail fungus in the future, you should always make sure to wash your feet with soap and water. After washing, it is important to dry your feet thoroughly especially in between the toes. When trimming your toenails, be sure to trim straight across instead of in a rounded shape. It is crucial not to cover up discolored nails with nail polish because that will prevent your nail from being able to “breathe”.

In some cases, surgical procedure may be needed to remove the toenail fungus. Consult with your podiatrist about the best treatment options for your case of toenail fungus.  

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Johnstown, PA . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

 

Read more about How to Treat Your Toenail Fungus
Tuesday, 14 May 2024 00:00

Deformities From Bunions

The human foot is a marvel of engineering, composed of an intricate network of bones, tendons, and ligaments that work in tandem to provide stability and mobility. At the center of this complex structure lies the big toe, also known as the hallux, which plays a vital role in maintaining balance and facilitating movement. However, when the alignment of the bones in the big toe is disrupted, a bunion can form at the base of the big toe. This can lead to a further deformity, known as metatarsus primus varus. It results from an abnormal inward angling of the big toe towards the second toe. This misalignment can result in a range of symptoms, including pain, discomfort, and difficulty walking or standing for extended periods of time. While the exact cause of metatarsus primus varus is not fully understood, it is believed to be influenced by both genetic factors and external triggers, such as wearing ill-fitting footwear. People with metatarsus primus varus may experience a variety of symptoms, including pain and discomfort in the foot, restricted range of motion, and skin irritation. Diagnosing metatarsus primus varus typically involves a physical examination and imaging tests such as X-rays. Treatment options may vary depending on the severity of the condition and can include orthotics or surgical intervention to realign the bones and restore normal foot function. For help with managing this deformity, it is suggested that you schedule an appointment with a podiatrist.

If you are suffering from bunion pain, contact one of our podiatrists of Lovely Foot Associates, PC. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

What Is a Bunion?

Bunions are painful bony bumps that usually develop on the inside of the foot at the joint of the big toe. As the deformity increases over time, it may become painful to walk and wear shoes. Women are more likely to exacerbate existing bunions since they often wear tight, narrow shoes that shift their toes together. Bunion pain can be relieved by wearing wider shoes with enough room for the toes.

Causes

  • Genetics – some people inherit feet that are more prone to bunion development
  • Inflammatory Conditions - rheumatoid arthritis and polio may cause bunion development

Symptoms

  • Redness and inflammation
  • Pain and tenderness
  • Callus or corns on the bump
  • Restricted motion in the big toe

In order to diagnose your bunion, your podiatrist may ask about your medical history, symptoms, and general health. Your doctor might also order an x-ray to take a closer look at your feet. Nonsurgical treatment options include orthotics, padding, icing, changes in footwear, and medication. If nonsurgical treatments don’t alleviate your bunion pain, surgery may be necessary.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Johnstown, PA . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about Bunions

A high ankle sprain, also known as a syndesmotic sprain, occurs when the ligaments connecting the two lower leg bones, the tibia and fibula, are stretched or torn. Unlike traditional ankle sprains, which typically involve the ligaments on the outer side of the ankle, high ankle sprains affect the ligaments above the ankle joint, near the shin. These injuries often result from sudden twisting or rotational movements of the foot, such as those experienced during sports activities like football, basketball, or skiing. Additionally, direct blows to the lower leg or excessive force applied to the ankle can also cause high ankle sprains. Athletes and individuals with poor balance, weak ankle muscles, or previous ankle injuries are at higher risk of experiencing high ankle sprains. If you have sprained your ankle, it is suggested that you seek the advice of a podiatrist who can determine what type of sprain it is, and offer appropriate treatment solutions.

Ankle sprains are common but need immediate attention. If you need your feet checked, contact one of our podiatrists from Lovely Foot Associates, PC. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

How Does an Ankle Sprain Occur?

Ankle sprains take place when the ligaments in your ankle are torn or stretched beyond their limits. There are multiple ways that the ankle can become injured, including twisting or rolling over onto your ankle, putting undue stress on it, or causing trauma to the ankle itself.

What Are the Symptoms?

  • Mild to moderate bruising
  • Limited mobility
  • Swelling
  • Discoloration of the skin (depending on severity)

Preventing a Sprain

  • Wearing appropriate shoes for the occasion
  • Stretching before exercises and sports
  • Knowing your limits

Treatment of a Sprain

Treatment of a sprain depends on the severity.  Many times, people are told to rest and remain off their feet completely, while others are given an air cast. If the sprain is very severe, surgery may be required.

If you have suffered an ankle sprain previously, you may want to consider additional support such as a brace and regular exercises to strengthen the ankle.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Johnstown, PA . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Three Grades of Ankle Sprains
Friday, 03 May 2024 00:00

Do Your Child's Feet Hurt?

Have your child's feet been examined lately? Healthy feet are happy feet. If your child is complaining of foot pain, it may be a sign of underlying problems.

Tuesday, 30 April 2024 00:00

Causes of Foot Stress Fractures

Foot stress fractures are a common yet often overlooked injury that can sideline individuals from their daily activities. These fractures occur when repetitive stress on the bones surpasses their ability to repair themselves, resulting in tiny cracks or breaks. Several factors contribute to the development of foot stress fractures, including overuse, sudden increases in physical activity, improper footwear, and biomechanical abnormalities. Runners, dancers, and athletes involved in high-impact sports are particularly susceptible to these types of fractures due to the repetitive stress placed on their feet. Additionally, factors such as poor bone density, nutritional deficiencies, and hormonal imbalances can increase the risk of stress fractures. Symptoms of foot stress fractures include localized pain, swelling, and tenderness. It is beneficial to incorporate into your routine proper rest, adequate footwear, and training techniques that may help in preventing foot stress fractures. If you have endured this type of injury, it is suggested that you consult a podiatrist who can accurately diagnose and treat foot stress fractures.

Activities where too much pressure is put on the feet can cause stress fractures. To learn more, contact one of our podiatrists from Lovely Foot Associates, PC. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep your pain free and on your feet.

Dealing with Stress Fractures of the Foot and Ankle

Stress fractures occur in the foot and ankle when muscles in these areas weaken from too much or too little use.  The feet and ankles then lose support when walking or running from the impact of the ground. Since there is no protection, the bones receive the full impact of each step. Stress on the feet can cause cracks to form in the bones, thus creating stress fractures.

What Are Stress Fractures?

Stress fractures occur frequently in individuals whose daily activities cause great impact on the feet and ankles. Stress factors are most common among:

  • Runners                                  
  • People affected with Osteoporosis
  • Tennis or basketball players
  • Gymnasts
  • High impact workouts

Symptoms

Pain from the fractures occur in the area of the fractures and can be constant or intermittent. It will often cause sharp or dull pain with swelling and tenderness. Engaging in any kind of activity which involves high impact will aggravate pain.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Johnstown, PA . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Dealing with Stress Fractures of the Foot and Ankle
Tuesday, 23 April 2024 00:00

Understanding What Plantar Fasciitis Is

Plantar fasciitis is a common foot condition characterized by inflammation of the plantar fascia, a thick band of tissue that runs along the bottom of the foot, connecting the heel bone to the toes. This condition typically manifests as heel pain, particularly with the first steps in the morning or after periods of rest, which can gradually worsen throughout the day. The precise cause of plantar fasciitis is not always clear, but it often results from repetitive strain or excessive stress on the plantar fascia. Factors contributing to the development of plantar fasciitis include overuse from activities such as running, walking long distances, or standing for extended periods. Additionally, certain risk factors like obesity, high arches, flat feet, or tight calf muscles can increase the likelihood of developing plantar fasciitis. If you have heel pain, it is suggested that you visit a podiatrist who can effectively diagnose plantar fasciitis, and offer an appropriate treatment plan.

Plantar fasciitis is a common foot condition that is often caused by a strain injury. If you are experiencing heel pain or symptoms of plantar fasciitis, contact one of our podiatrists from Lovely Foot Associates, PC. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

What Is Plantar Fasciitis?

Plantar fasciitis is one of the most common causes of heel pain. The plantar fascia is a ligament that connects your heel to the front of your foot. When this ligament becomes inflamed, plantar fasciitis is the result. If you have plantar fasciitis you will have a stabbing pain that usually occurs with your first steps in the morning. As the day progresses and you walk around more, this pain will start to disappear, but it will return after long periods of standing or sitting.

What Causes Plantar Fasciitis?

  • Excessive running
  • Having high arches in your feet
  • Other foot issues such as flat feet
  • Pregnancy (due to the sudden weight gain)
  • Being on your feet very often

There are some risk factors that may make you more likely to develop plantar fasciitis compared to others. The condition most commonly affects adults between the ages of 40 and 60. It also tends to affect people who are obese because the extra pounds result in extra stress being placed on the plantar fascia.

Prevention

  • Take good care of your feet – Wear shoes that have good arch support and heel cushioning.
  • Maintain a healthy weight
  • If you are a runner, alternate running with other sports that won’t cause heel pain

There are a variety of treatment options available for plantar fasciitis along with the pain that accompanies it. Additionally, physical therapy is a very important component in the treatment process. It is important that you meet with your podiatrist to determine which treatment option is best for you.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Johnstown, PA . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

 

Read more about Plantar Fasciitis
Tuesday, 16 April 2024 00:00

What Is an Ingrown Toenail?

An ingrown toenail, a common foot condition, occurs when the edge of the toenail grows into the surrounding skin, leading to pain, swelling, and discomfort. This condition typically affects the big toe but can occur on any toe. Ingrown toenails can develop due to a variety of factors, including improper nail trimming techniques, wearing tight-fitting shoes, or sustaining toe injuries. Additionally, individuals with curved or unusually shaped toenails may be more prone to ingrown toenails. Symptoms of ingrown toenails include redness, tenderness, and inflammation around the affected nail, as well as the presence of pus or drainage in severe cases. If left untreated, ingrown toenails can become infected, causing further pain and complications. Recognizing the causes and symptoms of ingrown toenails is important for prompt treatment and prevention strategies. If you have developed an ingrown toenail, it is suggested that you contact a podiatrist who can treat this condition, which may include minor surgery for partial or total removal.

Ingrown toenails can become painful if they are not treated properly. For more information about ingrown toenails, contact one of our podiatrists of Lovely Foot Associates, PC. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Ingrown Toenails

Ingrown toenails occur when a toenail grows sideways into the bed of the nail, causing pain, swelling, and possibly infection.

Causes

  • Bacterial infections
  • Improper nail cutting such as cutting it too short or not straight across
  • Trauma to the toe, such as stubbing, which causes the nail to grow back irregularly
  • Ill-fitting shoes that bunch the toes too close together
  • Genetic predisposition

Prevention

Because ingrown toenails are not something found outside of shoe-wearing cultures, going barefoot as often as possible will decrease the likeliness of developing ingrown toenails. Wearing proper fitting shoes and using proper cutting techniques will also help decrease your risk of developing ingrown toenails.

Treatment

Ingrown toenails are a very treatable foot condition. In minor cases, soaking the affected area in salt or antibacterial soaps will not only help with the ingrown nail itself, but also help prevent any infections from occurring. In more severe cases, surgery is an option. In either case, speaking to your podiatrist about this condition will help you get a better understanding of specific treatment options that are right for you.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Johnstown, PA . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Ingrown Toenails

Pregnancy is marked by numerous changes in the body, including the feet. One notable alteration is the increase in shoe size experienced by many expectant mothers. This change occurs due to hormonal fluctuations and the body's natural tendency to retain fluids, which leads to swelling in the feet and ankles. Consequently, women may find that their usual shoe size feels snug or uncomfortable during pregnancy, necessitating the need for larger footwear to accommodate the swelling. Additionally, some pregnant individuals may encounter itching and redness on the soles of their feet, a condition known as pruritus gravidarum. This symptom can arise due to heightened blood circulation, hormonal changes, or skin stretching, causing discomfort and irritation. While these foot changes are a normal part of pregnancy, expectant mothers need to prioritize foot health by wearing supportive footwear, practicing gentle foot exercises, and elevating the feet to reduce swelling. Consulting with a podiatrist can also guide in managing foot discomfort and ensuring a smooth pregnancy journey. If you are seeking relief from foot conditions developed during pregnancy, it is suggested that you consult a podiatrist.

Pregnant women with swollen feet can be treated with a variety of different methods that are readily available. For more information about other cures for swollen feet during pregnancy, consult with one of our podiatrists from Lovely Foot Associates, PC. Our doctors will attend to all of your foot and ankle needs.

What Foot Problems Can Arise During Pregnancy?

One problem that can occur is overpronation, which occurs when the arch of the foot flattens and tends to roll inward.  This can cause pain and discomfort in your heels while you’re walking or even just standing up, trying to support your baby.  

Another problem is edema, or swelling in the extremities. This often affects the feet during pregnancy but tends to occur in the later stages. 

How Can I Keep My Feet Healthy During Pregnancy?

  • Wearing orthotics can provide extra support for the feet and help distribute weight evenly
  • Minimize the amount of time spent walking barefoot
  • Wear shoes with good arch support
  • Wear shoes that allow for good circulation to the feet
  • Elevate feet if you experience swelling
  • Massage your feet
  • Get regular, light exercise, such as walking, to promote blood circulation to the feet

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Johnstown, PA . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Pregnancy and Foot Health
Wednesday, 03 April 2024 00:00

Do You Suffer From Painful Feet?

Painful deformities, such as hammertoes, can be treated. Stop living with foot pain, and have beautiful feet again!

Tuesday, 02 April 2024 00:00

Definition and Risk Factors of Gout

Gout, a form of arthritis, causes sudden bouts of intense pain, swelling, and redness, primarily in joints like the big toe. It occurs due to the accumulation of urate crystals in the joints, resulting from high levels of uric acid in the blood. Understanding the risk factors of gout unveils various elements that contribute to its onset. Lifestyle choices, such as a diet rich in purines found in red meat and certain seafood, significantly elevate the risk. Additionally, obesity and excessive alcohol consumption increase the likelihood of developing gout. Genetic predispositions also play a pivotal role, as individuals with a family history of gout are more susceptible. By addressing modifiable factors like diet and lifestyle, individuals can lower the risk of gout and its debilitating consequences. Early detection and treatment are critical in alleviating symptoms and enhancing quality of life for those affected by this painful condition. If you have gout, it is strongly suggested that you are under the care of a podiatrist who can help you to manage this condition.

Gout is a foot condition that requires certain treatment and care. If you are seeking treatment, contact one of our podiatrists from Lovely Foot Associates, PC. Our doctors will treat your foot and ankle needs.

What Is Gout?

Gout is a type of arthritis caused by a buildup of uric acid in the bloodstream. It often develops in the foot, especially the big toe area, although it can manifest in other parts of the body as well. Gout can make walking and standing very painful and is especially common in diabetics and the obese.

People typically get gout because of a poor diet. Genetic predisposition is also a factor. The children of parents who have had gout frequently have a chance of developing it themselves.

Gout can easily be identified by redness and inflammation of the big toe and the surrounding areas of the foot. Other symptoms include extreme fatigue, joint pain, and running high fevers. Sometimes corticosteroid drugs can be prescribed to treat gout, but the best way to combat this disease is to get more exercise and eat a better diet.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Johnstown, PA . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Gout
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