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What Causes Achilles Tendon Injuries?

Monday, 26 October 2020 00:00

The Achilles tendon is a band of tissue that connects the muscles in your calf to your heel. The Achilles tendon endures a lot of stress and pressure during daily activities and exercise. Sometimes, the stress and pressure may become excessive, leading to an injury. Achilles tendonitis refers to an inflammation of the Achilles tendon. It typically stems from overuse and can cause symptoms such as pain and swelling. There are two types of Achilles tendonitis, insertional and noninsertional. In insertional tendonitis, the damage to the tendon occurs where the tendon meets the heel bone. Insertional tendonitis can occur at any age, both in active and in sedentary people, and is often associated with the development of bone spurs. Non-insertional Achilles tendonitis occurs when small tears in the middle fibers of the tendon start to break down. Non-insertional tendonitis typically affects young, active people. If you experience an injury to the Achilles tendon, it is recommended that you seek the care of a podiatrist. 

Achilles tendon injuries need immediate attention to avoid future complications. If you have any concerns, contact one of our podiatrists of Lovely Foot Associates, PC. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

What Is the Achilles Tendon?

The Achilles tendon is a tendon that connects the lower leg muscles and calf to the heel of the foot. It is the strongest tendon in the human body and is essential for making movement possible. Because this tendon is such an integral part of the body, any injuries to it can create immense difficulties and should immediately be presented to a doctor.

What Are the Symptoms of an Achilles Tendon Injury?

There are various types of injuries that can affect the Achilles tendon. The two most common injuries are Achilles tendinitis and ruptures of the tendon.

Achilles Tendinitis Symptoms

  • Inflammation
  • Dull to severe pain
  • Increased blood flow to the tendon
  • Thickening of the tendon

Rupture Symptoms

  • Extreme pain and swelling in the foot
  • Total immobility

Treatment and Prevention

Achilles tendon injuries are diagnosed by a thorough physical evaluation, which can include an MRI. Treatment involves rest, physical therapy, and in some cases, surgery. However, various preventative measures can be taken to avoid these injuries, such as:

  • Thorough stretching of the tendon before and after exercise
  • Strengthening exercises like calf raises, squats, leg curls, leg extensions, leg raises, lunges, and leg presses

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Johnstown, PA . We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.

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